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Heart Disease & Prevention
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The heart is a muscle, about the size of a fist, whose main job is to pump blood to all parts of the body, bringing needed nutrients and oxygen and delivering waste products to other organs for removal.  The heart has four chambers. The upper two are the atria (the right and the left atrium) and the lower two are the right and left ventricles. These chambers contract in a regular sequence, or rhythm (the heartbeat), and these contractions enable the heart to pump blood.  "Heart disease” is any disease or condition that negatively impacts the heart's function. Common forms of heart disease are congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease and arrhythmia. heart disease affects more than 20 million Americans, and family history is not the only risk factor. Heart Disease is one of the most-covered and discussed topics among Second Opinion doctors and patients.

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Coronary Microvascular Disease
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Diabetes Prevention
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Healthy Eating
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Inflammation
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Long QT Syndrome
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Racial Disparities in Cardiac Care
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Heart Replacement
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Cardiac Spouses
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Angina
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Controlling Hypertension
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Reversing Heart Disease
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Sudden Cardiac Arrest
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CPR In America
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Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Young Athletes
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Preventive Screening
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Broken Heart Syndrome
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5 ways to control hypertension
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5 risk factors for heart disease
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Featured Experts:

Rose Arp
Rose Arp
John Bisognano, M.D.
John Bisognano, M.D.
Otis W. Brawley, MD
Otis W. Brawley, MD
T. Colin Campbell, PhD
T. Colin Campbell, PhD
Christopher J. Cove, MD
Christopher J. Cove, MD
Nieca Goldberg, M.D.
Kimberly Harmon, MD
Kimberly Harmon, MD
Samuel J. Mann, MD
Samuel J. Mann, MD
Noel Bairey Merz, MD
Mary Ann Murray
Mary Ann Murray

Himabindu Vidula, MD, MS

Assistant Professor
Deptarment of Medicine, Cariology
University of Rochester Medical Center 

Dr. Vidula received her MD degree from Northwestern University and completed her residency, cardiovascular disease and heart failure fellowships from Nothwestern University. She is also a member of the American College of Cardiology, Heart Failure Society of America, American Heart Association and International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation. Her special interest and expertise include transplantation, ventricular assist devices and cardiac MRI. She studies mortality in patients with heart failure. 

Broken Heart Syndrome

Can you really die of a broken heart? Research says that indeed you can die from Broken Heart Syndrome, also known as Takotsubo and Stress Cardiomyopathy. But with quick medical intervention, the condition can be completely reversed. Maryann Murray shares her story of how stress suddenly turned her into a cardiac patient.

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Resources
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The American Heart Association’s mission is to build healthier lives, free of cardiovascular diseases and stroke.
Johns Hopkins Medicine touches on frequently asked questions about Broken Heart syndrome.
The National Coalition for Women with Heart Disease is a nonprofit, patient advocacy organization with thousands of members nationwide committed to helping women live longer, healthier lives.
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Broken Heart Syndrome Panel

Ilan Shor Wittstein, MD

Director, Johns Hopkins Cardiology International
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Dr. Ilan Wittstein is a cardiologist and the foremost expert in “broken heart syndrome,” also known as stress cardiomyopathy or takotsubo cardiomyopathy. His 2005 article in the New England Journal of Medicineexplaining the mechanisms of short-term heart failure after extreme stress introduced this syndrome to the global medical community. Dr.

Mary Ann Murray

Cardiac Patient
Retired
Volunteer 

I am 74 and have been married for the last 45 years. A second marriage for both of us. Together, we have raised 8 children and  have 14 grandchildren and 3 great grandchildren.  After our youngest started high school decided it was time to get a job outside our home and worked for 25 years in the accounting field retiring in 2007.  Since my retirement I have spent time volunteering in my community. 

Preventive Screening

More than half a million people die of cancer each year in the U.S., so it’s no wonder we want to do what we can to catch and treat cancer early. For some cancers, we have preventive cancer screenings that are readily available. But who should be screened? Rose Arp has no cancer history, but wants to know from the experts what screenings she should be getting as she turns 50 years old.

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The Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association is a national federation of 36 independent, community-based and locally operated Blue Cross® and Blue Shield® companies. The Association owns and manages the Blue Cross and Blue Shield trademarks and names in more than 170 countries and territories around the world. The Association grants licenses to independent companies to use the trademarks and names in exclusive geographic areas.
HHS provides for effective health and human services and fosters advances in medicine, public health, and social services.
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Preventive Screening Panelists

Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Young Athletes

Sudden cardiac arrest is usually caused by an electrical disturbance in the heart, and leads to a sudden loss of heart function, breathing and consciousness. Nine out of 10 people who experience sudden cardiac arrest, die from it. Fortunately, star basketball player Mike Papale survived because of the quick reaction of an EMT, who immediately initiated CPR and the chain of survival. Mike and his Mom, Joan, share their story of survival and living through the aftermath of sudden cardiac arrest in young athletes.

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Resources
Resource Description: 
Our mission is to build healthier lives, free of cardiovascular diseases and stroke. That single purpose drives all we do. The need for our work is beyond question.
SCAF works to raise awareness about prevention and treatment of sudden cardiac arrest, including post-resuscitation care.
SCAA’s mission is to broaden public access to early defibrillation and has expanded its efforts to include public awareness of SCA, its prevention and treatments for those at risk, and advocacy for a wide range of issues related to SCA.
Medline Plus
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Conduct an off-site search for Sudden Cardiac Arrest from MedlinePlus.  These up-to-date search results are based on search terms specific to Second Opinion Key Points.

Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Young Athletes Panel

Otis W. Brawley, MD

Chief Medical Officer, American Cancer Society
Author, “How We Do Harm”

Prof., Hematology, Oncology, Medicine & Epidemiology Emory University

CPR In America

CPR IN AMERICA sets out to do something no television show has ever done—teach as many people as possible the life-saving skill of Hands-Only CPR. 90% of people who suffer out-of-hospital cardiac arrests die. Receiving immediate CPR can double or triple a person's chance of survival. But 70% of Americans feel helpless because they don't know CPR or they're afraid of hurting the victim. CPR IN AMERICA aims to change that. You can help make a tangible difference in the cardiac arrest survival rate in your community! 

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Patient Stories: 
Resources
Resource Description: 
Our mission is to build healthier lives, free of cardiovascular diseases and stroke. That single purpose drives all we do. The need for our work is beyond question.
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) provides global leadership for a research, training, and education program to promote the prevention and treatment of heart, lung, and blood diseases and enhance the health of all individuals so that they can live longer and more fulfilling lives.
Our mission is to “raise awareness and support programs that give ‘ordinary’ people the power to save a life.” We work to raise awareness about prevention and treatment of sudden cardiac arrest, including post-resuscitation care.
ASH is the largest organization of hypertension researchers and health care providers in the United States committed to preventing and treating hypertension and its consequences.
The Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) is a leading resource on cardiac pacing and electrophysiology. This specialty organization represents medical, allied health, and science professionals from more than 70 countries who specialize in cardiac rhythm disorders.
CPR in America

Mike Papale

Sudden Cardiac Arrest Survivor

Mike Papale is a sudden cardiac arrest survivor.  At the age of 17, while working a local basketball camp run by his father, Mike slumped over onto the ground and went into cardiac arrest.  There was no automated external defibrillator on site.  Fortunately a volunteer EMT, Bob Huebner, got the 9-1-1 calls on his pager and came over to the scene to find Mike taking his final breaths.  He immediately began doing CPR and directing the scene, saving Mike’s life.

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