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Heart Disease & Prevention
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The heart is a muscle, about the size of a fist, whose main job is to pump blood to all parts of the body, bringing needed nutrients and oxygen and delivering waste products to other organs for removal.  The heart has four chambers. The upper two are the atria (the right and the left atrium) and the lower two are the right and left ventricles. These chambers contract in a regular sequence, or rhythm (the heartbeat), and these contractions enable the heart to pump blood.  "Heart disease” is any disease or condition that negatively impacts the heart's function. Common forms of heart disease are congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease and arrhythmia. heart disease affects more than 20 million Americans, and family history is not the only risk factor. Heart Disease is one of the most-covered and discussed topics among Second Opinion doctors and patients.

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Coronary Microvascular Disease
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Diabetes Prevention
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Healthy Eating
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Inflammation
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Long QT Syndrome
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Racial Disparities in Cardiac Care
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Heart Replacement
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Cardiac Spouses
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Angina
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Controlling Hypertension
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Reversing Heart Disease
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View Myth or Medicine:

Myth or Medicine: Hypertension
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Myth Medicine: Reversing Heart
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View Second Opinion 5:

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Second Opinion 5: Hypertension
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Second Opinion 5: Reversing Heart

Featured Experts:

John Bisognano, M.D.
John Bisognano, M.D.
T. Colin Campbell, PhD
T. Colin Campbell, PhD
Nieca Goldberg, M.D.
Samuel J. Mann, MD
Samuel J. Mann, MD
Noel Bairey Merz, MD
Ryan Nelson, MD
Ryan Nelson, MD
Jason Pacos, MD
Jason Pacos, MD
Lisa Sanders, MD
Lisa Sanders, MD
Samuel F. Sears, Ph.D.
Samuel F. Sears, Ph.D.
J. Chad Teeters, MD, MS, RPVI, FACC
J. Chad Teeters, MD, MS, RPVI, FACC

Reversing Heart Disease

(Source: CDC) Coronary artery disease occurs when a substance called plaque builds up in the arteries that supply blood to the heart (called coronary arteries). Plaque is made up of cholesterol deposits, which can accumulate in your arteries. When this happens, your arteries can narrow over time. This process is called atherosclerosis.

Videos
Myth or Medicine: 
Myth Medicine: Reversing Heart
Second Opinion 5: 
Second Opinion 5: Reversing Heart
Resources
Resource Description: 
The American Heart Association is a national voluntary health agency to help reduce disability and death from cardiovascular diseases and stroke
The mission of Cleveland Clinic is to provide better care of the sick, investigation into their problems, and further education of those who serve
T. Colin Campbell Center for Nutrition Studies is a 501(c)3 nonprofit organization based in Ithaca, NY, home of Cornell University. Started in 2007 by T. Colin Campbell, PhD, and Megan Murphy, the Center grew out of T. Colin Campbell’s life work in nutritional research and the recognition of The China Study, the 2005 book co-authored with his son Thomas Campbell, MD.
Mayo Clinic is a nonprofit worldwide leader in medical care, research and education for people from all walks of life. Doctors from every medical specialty work together to care for patients, joined by common systems and a philosophy of "the needs of the patient come first."
Medline Plus
Medline Description: 

Interactive Medical Search logoConduct an off-site search from MedlinePlus.  These up-to-date search results are based on search terms specific to Second Opinion Key Points.

Dr. Peter Salgo with guest, Dick Dubois and Dr. Jason Pacos

Controlling Hypertension

Some call it hypertension. Others know it as high blood pressure. Whichever term you use, it is the same serious health problem - one that increases your risk for heart disease and stroke (the first and third leading causes of death among Americans) and can also contribute to heart failure , kidney disease, vision problems, and other conditions. In this episode of Second Opinion, you will learn all about hypertension, its symptoms and consequences, how to avoid it and, if you have it, what you need to do to keep it under control. 

Videos
Myth or Medicine: 
Myth or Medicine: Hypertension
Second Opinion 5: 
Second Opinion 5: Hypertension
Resources
Resource Description: 
ASH is the largest organization of hypertension researchers and health care providers in the United States committed to preventing and treating hypertension and its consequences.
Our mission is to build healthier lives, free of cardiovascular diseases and stroke. That single purpose drives all we do.
The Hypertension Education Foundation Inc. (HEF) was incorporated in 1977 for the purpose of increasing both physician and the general public’s awareness of the problems involved in the treatment of high blood pressure and promoting research and teaching efforts in the field of hypertension
Mayo Clinic is a nonprofit worldwide leader in medical care, research and education for people from all walks of life. Doctors from every medical specialty work together to care for patients, joined by common systems and a philosophy of "the needs of the patient come first."
Medline Plus
Medline Description: 

Interactive Medical Search logoConduct an off-site search from MedlinePlus.  These up-to-date search results are based on search terms specific to Second Opinion Key Points.

Dr. Peter Salgo with guest, Connie Bentley
Related Topics: 

J. Chad Teeters, MD, MS, RPVI, FACC

 

Chief of Cardiology at Highland Hospital

Dr. Teeters is the Chief of Cardiology at Highland Hospital and a member or the Cardiology faculty of the University of Rochester Medical Center. He completed his residency in Internal Medicine and fellowships in Cardiovascular Disease and Preventive Cardiology at the University of Rochester. During his training he served as Chief Medical resident from 2005-2006 and Chief Cardiology Fellow from 2008-2009. He attended medical school and did his undergraduate training at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Ryan Nelson, MD

 

Highland Cardiology

 

Ryan C. Nelson, M.D., joined the Highland Hospita lDepartment of Cardiology as an attending physician July 1. Dr. Nelson’s responsibilities include inpatient and outpatient visits and consultations as well as diagnostic and imaging tests. In addition, Dr. Nelson will be attending in the Coronary Care Unit at Strong Memorial Hospital for eight weeks each year.

Heart Disease & Prevention

The heart is a muscle, about the size of a fist, whose main job is to pump blood to all parts of the body, bringing needed nutrients and oxygen and delivering waste products to other organs for removal.  The heart has four chambers. The upper two are the atria (the right and the left atrium) and the lower two are the right and left ventricles.

Samuel J. Mann, MD

Professor of Clinical Medicine,
NY Presbyterian Hospital- Weill Cornell Medical Center
Author, Hypertension and You 

I am a physician and researcher specializing in the management of hypertension. I am the author of many scientific articles, book chapters, and 2 books. My focus is on improving the management of hypertension by getting patients onto the drugs, combinations and dosages that are right for them. Different patients need different medications depending on what is driving their hypertension.  My particular interests are the treatment of resistant hypertension and paroxysmal (episodic) hypertension.

T. Colin Campbell, PhD

Professor Emeritus
Cornell, University
Co-Author, The China Study 

T. Colin Campbell, PhD, has had a long career in biomedical research, mostly at Cornell University where he now holds the position of Jacob Schurman Professor Emeritus of Nutritional Biochemistry.

Jason Pacos, MD

Senior Instructor of Clinical Medicine
Department of Medicine, Cardiology
University of Rochester Medical Center 

Dr. Pacos received his medical degree from the University of Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences. He completed his residency and fellowship at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry. 

Angina

(Source: NIH) Angina is chest pain or discomfort that occurs if an area of your heart muscle doesn't get enough oxygen-rich blood. Angina may feel like pressure or squeezing in your chest. The pain also can occur in your shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or back. Angina pain may even feel like indigestion.  Angina isn't a disease; it's a symptom of an underlying heart problem. Angina usually is a symptom of coronary heart disease (CHD).

Resources
Resource Description: 
There are a very large number of organizations and websites dedicated to Angina. This is only a partial list. The American Heart Association: Our mission is to build healthier lives, free of cardiovascular diseases and stroke.
National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI): The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) provides global leadership for a research, training, and education program to promote the prevention and treatment of heart, lung, and blood diseases and enhance the health of all individuals so that they can live longer and more fulfilling lives.
Medline Plus
Medline Description: 

Interactive Medical Search logoConduct an off-site search from MedlinePlus.  These up-to-date search results are based on search terms specific to Second Opinion Key Points.

Key Points: 

Key Point 1

Angina is a sign that the heart needs more oxygen than it’s getting.  It is often described as pressure, tightness, heaviness, or pain in the chest.  While Angina is common, it is important to determine what is causing it, and to rule out other conditions.

Key Point 2

The goal of treatment of Angina is to maximize function by helping the heart get the oxygen it needs.  A patient needs to learn their angina pattern so that any new symptoms can be evaluated right away and worked up to make sure treatment remains effective.

Cardiac Spouses

Heart disease is something we as Americans talk about a lot.  But most often, the conversation surrounds the person who has heart disease or has had a cardiac event.  But what about the spouse of that person?  Many times the spousal role immediately changes to caregiver, nurse and housekeeper.  Cardiac spouses are more suscepible to depression and other illnesses, but their health needs are often overlooked.

Videos
Webisode: 
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Resources
Resource Description: 
Article: “Coping with My Partner’s ICD and Cardiac Disease”
Article: “Role of Spousal Anxiety and Depression in Patients’ Psychosocial Recovery After a Cardiac Event”
Article: “Spouses of Heart Attack Victims May Have Similar Risks”
Medline Plus
Medline Description: 

Interactive Medical Search logoConduct an off-site search for Cardiac Spouses from MedlinePlus.  These up-to-date search results are based on search terms specific to Second Opinion Key Points.

Key Points: 

Key Point 1

The recovery from a cardiac event often involves the whole family. The well-being of the caregiver is as important to the patient’s outcome as anything else.

Key Point 2

Recovering from a heart attack or heart disease is not something that any patient does alone. The family needs to recover as well and often needs just as much support, if not more, than the patient does.

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