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Childhood Cancer
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Myth or Medicine

Second Opinion 5

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For more than 100 years, the American Cancer Society (ACS) has worked relentlessly to save lives and create a world with less cancer and more birthdays. "Together with millions of our supporters worldwide, we help people stay well, help people get well, find cures, and fight back against cancer.
The National Cancer Institute coordinates the National Cancer Program, which conducts and supports research, training, health information dissemination, and other programs with respect to the cause, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of cancer, rehabilitation from cancer, and the continuing care of cancer patients and the families of cancer patients.
KidsHealth is more than just the facts about health. As part of The Nemours Foundation's Center for Children's Health Media, KidsHealth also provides families with perspective, advice, and comfort about a wide range of physical, emotional, and behavioral issues that affect children and teens.
With nearly 35,000 members who are leaders in advancing cancer care, the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) is the voice of the world’s cancer physicians. ASCO’s patient information website -- Cancer.Net ( -- brings the expertise and resources of ASCO to people living with cancer and those who care for and care about them.
Despite the growing recognition of PMA, scientists understand little about the natural behavior of this tumor, its response to different treatments, and the long-term outlook for patients with PMA. The Johns Hopkins PMA Registry will gather information over time from patients’ families and their physicians about the tumors’ presentation, treatment, and response to those therapies. The Registry will provide a growing resource to patients, families and physicians with the goal of refining current treatments and developing new ones.
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Few things are as sad or shocking than to hear of a child diagnosed with cancer.  

(Source: American Childhood Cancer Organization) Most childhood cancers fall into one of several specific types. Common adult cancers (lung, breast, colon, and others) rarely occur in children or adolescents. Childhood cancers tend to be more aggressive than adult cancers.

Childhood cancers are rare, and only specially-trained doctors have the knowledge and experience to properly treat them. In fact, your child needs to be treated by a multidisciplinary team of pediatric oncology physicians and specialists. The team includes the primary care physician, pediatric surgical sub-specialists, radiation oncologists, pediatric medical oncologists/hematologists, rehabilitation specialists, pediatric nurse specialists, social workers, and others. This approach ensures that your child will receive the treatment, supportive care, and rehabilitation therapies that will give him or her, the best chance at not only survival, but a good quality of life.Childhood cancer multidisciplinary teams are found at specific institutions, most of which are listed at the bottom of this page. Your primary care physician should refer you to one of these institutions. At these pediatric cancer centers, clinical trials are available for most types of cancer that occur in children and adolescents. For information on available clinical trials, these can be found at

Additional Websites on Types of Childhood Cancers

The following web sites are recommended because they have good descriptions of the different types of childhood cancers and of their treatments.

National Cancer Institute (NCI): The NCI's web site lists the treatment summaries, know as PDQs, for childhood cancers at the page below. Treatment summaries describe in detail each childhood cancer and its treatment in patient, health professional, and Spanish versions. These summaries are updated regularly and are arguably the standard source of information for cancer in the U.S. ,

St. Jude Research Hospital: Disease descriptions and treatment options.

Children’s Oncology Group (COG): COG's public web site; information about childhood cancers and treatment.

Source:  American Childhood Cancer Organization

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Conduct an off-site search for Chronic Pain information from MedlinePlus.  These up-to-date search results are based on search terms specific to Second Opinion Key Points.

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