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Major advancements in neurological science are changing the way experts understand and treat addiction. Learn from some of the country's leading experts what the latest medical research tells us about treating addictive behaviors in men and women.

Image of show panelists Addiction and Recovery

Second Opinion has been at the forefront of covering the opioid epidemic in our country. On average, 130 Americans die every day from opioid overdose, and there is no sign that this death rate will slow down. How a person moves through the system after an overdose is critical to their recovery.

Image of show panelists Addiction to Pain Medications

What usually starts innocently enough as taking pain medication appropriately prescribed by a doctor, can turn into a deadly addiction for some. Jennifer Matesa shares her story of the darkest days of her addiction to her recovery.

ADHD in Adults Panel ADHD in Adults

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) starts in childhood but often can go unrecognized until later in life.  In this episode, Frank South shares his story of late diagnosis and the challenges he faces every day managing and adapting to life with ADHD.

Image Alzheimer's show panelists Advances in Alzheimer's Disease

Recent medical studies raise the possibility of blood tests capable of predicting who is at risk for developing Alzheimer’s disease. Joanne Mee DeHond shares her mother’s struggles with Alzheimer’s and the questions that linger regarding her mother’s care and her own health.

Image of show panelists Alcoholism

Alcoholism reduces a person’s life expectancy an average of 10 years. Severe cognitive problems are common, and approximately 10% of all dementia cases are related to alcohol consumption, making it the second leading cause of dementia.  

Picture of Panelists Alzheimer's Disease: A Caregiver's Journey

A diagnosis of Alzheimer's Disease can be devastating for a person and their loved ones.  Caregiving issues surrounding a person with a cognitive disease are unique, and planning for decline in health is critical for the caregiver.

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

(Source: NINDS / NIH) Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), sometimes called Lou Gehrig's disease, is a rapidly progressive, invariably fatal neurological disease that attacks the nerve cells (neurons) responsible for controlling voluntary muscles. The disease belongs to a group of disorders known as motor neuron diseases, which are characterized by the gradual degeneration and death of motor neurons.


(Source: NIH) Angina is chest pain or discomfort that occurs if an area of your heart muscle doesn't get enough oxygen-rich blood. Angina may feel like pressure or squeezing in your chest. The pain also can occur in your shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or back. Angina pain may even feel like indigestion.  Angina isn't a disease; it's a symptom of an underlying heart problem. Angina usually is a symptom of coronary heart disease (CHD).

Antibiotic Use show panelists Antibiotic Use

Once known as wonder drugs, they can actually be harmful to your health. How has our reliance on antibiotics helped create a new generation of super bugs? And what can we do to keep our families safe? These questions and more on this episode of Second Opinion.

Anxiety Disorder

(Source: NIH / National Institute of Mental Health) Anxiety is a normal reaction to stress and can actually be beneficial in some situations. For some people, however, anxiety can become excessive.

Art of Diagnosis

Imagine having a condition that cannot be diagnosed for months or years.  How do doctors find the answer to an elusive disease, and what role does the patient play in finding the cause?

Asthma show panelists Asthma

Between 15 and 20 million Americans – including about 5 million children – have asthma, a chronic disease that makes it difficult to breathe.  Asthma attacks can be frightening, even fatal, but they can also be treated and prevented.  This episode of Second Opinion looks at the symptoms, causes, and diagnosis of asthma and how modern drug therapy can alleviate its effects.

Image of show panelists Atrial Fibrillation

Unsure of the cause of his racing heart and extreme fatigue, Joel Dittman was finally diagnosed with the very common disorder, Atrial Fibrillation. As he shares his story, medical experts discuss the treatments that are available to help people with this condition lead full and active lives.


(Source: Autism Speaks) Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autism are both general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development. These disorders are characterized, in varying degrees, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors.

Back Pain show panelists Back Pain

If you've never suffered from back pain, chances are you know somebody who does.  In the United States, seven out of every ten people will endure back pain at some time in their lives.  For a common-sense discussion about an all-too-common ailment, be sure to watch this episode of Second Opinion.

Bariatric Surgery show panelists Bariatric Surgery

Two thirds of Americans are obese. Some people call it an epidemic. While diets and pills fail, gastric bypass surgery has swept the nation as the magic bullet for weight loss. Is this solution as simple as it seems? Second Opinion takes and in-depth look at the pros and cons of this surgery.

Image of show panelists Biologics in Orthopedics

Biologics represent the cutting edge of biomedical research, and cover a wide range of therapies. From platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to stem cell therapy, this line of treatment is recasting orthopedics. 

Bipolar Disorder

(Source: Brain and Behavior Research Foundation)  Bipolar disorder, formerly known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain and behavior disorder characterized by severe shifts in a person's mood and energy, making it difficult for the person to function. More than 5.7 million American adults or 2.6 percent of the population age 18 or older in any given year have bipolar disorder. The condition typically starts in late adolescence or early adulthood, although it can show up in children and in older adults. People often live with the disorder without having it properly diagnosed and treated.

Image of show panelists Bladder Cancer

While bladder cancer is a cancer not talked about as much as others, the chance men will develop it during their life is about 1 in 27. It’s important to recognize the signs of bladder cancer so it can be treated early, as muscle-invasive bladder cancer needs aggressive treatment.

Image of show panelists Borderline Personality Disorder

Often misunderstood and under-diagnosed, borderline personality disorder is a serious mental illness that leaves those affected struggling to control emotions and maintain healthy relationships. Amy Allison shares the story of the life she achieved as a high-functioning professional while her personal life was in turmoil.

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer: two of the most frightening words in the English language. There's no shortage of advice for protection, detection and treatment options, and women presented with the diagnosis face an overwhelming number of choices. How do you make treatment decisions? And is there such a thing as a "survivor"? Our healthcare team tackles these questions and more on this episode of Second Opinion.

Breast Cancer in Young Women

(Source: Young Survival Coalition and Young women can and do get breast cancer. While breast cancer in young women accounts for a small percentage of all breast cancer cases, the impact of this disease is widespread.  Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in women ages 15 to 54.  There are more than 250,000 women living in the U.S. who were diagnosed with breast cancer at the age of 40 or under, and approximately 10,000 young women will be diagnosed in the next year.

Breast Cancer Recurrence panelists Breast Cancer Recurrence

While survival rates for breast cancer continue to improve, for some women, recurrence is a devastating reality. When women experience breast cancer recurrence, a sense of failure can confront both the patient and health care provider. Our expert panel explores a topic filled with both challenge and hope.

Breast Reconstruction

(Source: NIH / National Cancer Institute) Treatment for breast cancer can be overwhelming, both physically and emotionally.  While having reconstructive surgery is a personal choice, knowing your options can help you better prepare for the future.

Broken Heart Syndrome Panel Broken Heart Syndrome

Can you really die of a broken heart? Research says that indeed you can die from Broken Heart Syndrome, also known as Takotsubo and Stress Cardiomyopathy. But with quick medical intervention, the condition can be completely reversed. Maryann Murray shares her story of how stress suddenly turned her into a cardiac patient.

C-Section Panelists, Chris Glantz, Lisa Harris, Peter Salgo, Anna Sproul-Latimer C-Section

An estimated 4 million babies are born in the United States each year, and many moms have specific hopes for how their labor should go. Our patient Anna Sproul-Latimer shares the story of her high-risk pregnancy and the choices she made for the birth of her son.<--break- />

Dr. Peter Salgo with guest, Lois Joseph C. Difficile

Clostridium Difficile is a bacterium that causes inflammation of the colon.  People who have other illnesses or conditions requiring prolonged use of antibiotics, and the elderly, are at greater risk of acquiring this disease.  

Cardiac Breakthroughs

Heart disease is the number one killer in the U.S.  With doctors and researchers racing to stop heart disease in its tracks, diagnostic technology and treatment options are breaking new ground at astounding speed.  But are there dangers?   Can technology tell us too much?  Our experts dive into the high-tech world of cardiac care.

Image of show panelists Cardiac Comeback

Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women, yet many people who have had heart attacks never start or continue their cardiac rehabilitation. 

Cardiac Spouses

Heart disease is something we as Americans talk about a lot.  But most often, the conversation surrounds the person who has heart disease or has had a cardiac event.  But what about the spouse of that person?  Many times the spousal role immediately changes to caregiver, nurse and housekeeper.  Cardiac spouses are more suscepible to depression and other illnesses, but their health needs are often overlooked.

Caregiver Burnout episode panelists Caregiver Burnout

Thirty one percent of the adult population age 20 to 75 provide informal care to a family member or friend who is ill or disabled. Burnout can result from the physical and emotional challenges associated with being a caregiver. While family caregivers give of themselves out of love, there are real physical, emotional and financial costs associated with caregiving.  As we live longer and caregiving becomes a bigger issue in the U.S., learn what can be done to help our caregiving community.

Image of show panelists Caregiving Through Alzheimer's Disease

Caring for a family member with Alzheimer’s is a cause for stress, exhaustion, depression, caregiver burnout, and other health problems for the caregiver.

Celiac Disease

(Source: NDDIC / NIH) Celiac disease is a digestive disease that damages the small intestine and interferes with absorption of nutrients from food. People who have celiac disease cannot tolerate gluten, a protein in wheat, rye, and barley. Gluten is found mainly in foods but may also be found in everyday products such as medicines, vitamins, and lip balms.

Cervical Cancer an HPV shows panelists Cervical Cancer and HPV

It is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in women worldwide. Would you be surprised to learn that cervical cancer is caused by a virus, and that a vaccine may soon make it a disease of the past? The latest in cervical cancer treatment and prevention is featured in this episode of Second Opinion.

Image of Childhood Cancer show panelists Childhood Cancer

Few things are as sad or shocking than to hear of a child diagnosed with cancer.  

Image of show panelists Childhood Vaccines

Vaccines save lives. However, parents who believe that vaccines are linked to childhood conditions such as autism, are opting their children out. And the current measles outbreak shows just how a deadly disease can make a comeback when vaccination rates decline.

Image of show panelists Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is a debilitating chronic disease that has a significant impact on a person’s quality of life. Because the cause is unknown, effective treatment is still out of reach for many patients. Danielle Warner’s description of battling CFS every day is a heartbreaking one, as she longs for her once active and vibrant life. Her husband and caregiver, Tyrone, joins Danielle as they share the story of their life, and their uncertain future.

Chronic Pain show panelists Chronic Pain

An estimated 15-30% of Americans suffer with chronic pain.  What is causing it?  With so many people struggling with it, still the causes often go undiagnosed and therefore untreated.  Is it real, or is it all in our heads-or are doctors just not looking deep enough? 

Chronic Pain Management

(Source: NINDS / NIH) While acute pain is a normal sensation triggered in the nervous system to alert you to possible injury and the need to take care of yourself, chronic pain is different. Chronic pain persists. Pain signals keep firing in the nervous system for weeks, months, even years. There may have been an initial mishap -- sprained back, serious infection, or there may be an ongoing cause of pain -- arthritis, cancer, ear infection, but some people suffer chronic pain in the absence of any past injury or evidence of body damage. Many chronic pain conditions affect older adults.

Clinical Trials / Parkinson's Disease

Medical research has helped us lead longer, healthier lives, but it has also sparked ethical concerns and contentious political debate. Through a Parkinson's Disease case, panelists explore the controversial world of clinical trials and debate the potential gains and pitfalls of science on the edge.

Colon Cancer show panelists Colon Cancer

Colon cancer is the third most common type of cancer among American men and in women and is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths (after lung cancer) in the United States. Learn about how doctors can help you catch it in it's earliest, most curable stage.

Colon Cancer II

(NIH / National Cancer Institute) Cancer of the colon or rectum is also called colorectal cancer. In the United States, it is the fourth most common cancer in men and women. Caught early, it is often curable. The colon and rectum are part of the large intestine. Colorectal cancer occurs when tumors form in the lining of the large intestine. It is common in both men and women. The risk of developing colorectal cancer rises after age 50. You're also more likely to get it if you have colorectal polyps, a family history of colorectal cancer, ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease, eat a diet high in fat, or smoke.


A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury, or TBI, caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head that can change the way your brain normally works. 

Image of show panelists Congenital Heart Disease

A congenital heart defect is a problem with the structure of the heart, and they are the most common form of birth defect. While it is present at birth, some people do not become aware of their congenital disorder until they are older. Many congenital heart defects are treatable, and people born with them can live full, active lives.

Dr. Peter Salgo with guest, Connie Bentley Controlling Hypertension

Some call it hypertension. Others know it as high blood pressure. Whichever term you use, it is the same serious health problem - one that increases your risk for heart disease and stroke and can also contribute to heart failure , kidney disease, vision problems, and other conditions.

Conversion Disorder

(Source: PubMed Health / NIH) Conversion disorder is a condition in which a person has blindness, paralysis, or other nervous system (neurologic) symptoms that cannot be explained by medical evaluation. Symptoms can include blindness, paralysis and other physical symtpoms. Symptoms usually begin suddenly after a stressful experience. People are more at risk for a conversion disorder if they also have a medical illness, dissociative disorder, or a personality disorder.


(Source: NIH / National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute) COPD, or chronic obstructive pulmonary (PULL-mun-ary) disease, is a progressive disease that makes it hard to breathe. "Progressive" means the disease gets worse over time. COPD can cause coughing that produces large amounts of mucus (a slimy substance), wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and other symptoms. Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of COPD. Most people who have COPD smoke or used to smoke. Long-term exposure to other lung irritants—such as air pollution, chemical fumes, or dust—also may contribute to COPD.

Image of show panelists Corneal Transplant

A healthy cornea is a key to good vision.  If your cornea is damaged by disease, infection, or an injury, the resulting scars can dramatically affect your vision. 

Second Opinion Coronary Microvascular Disease Panel Coronary Microvascular Disease

Research supports that not only do men and women present with heart disease differently, they can also develop it differently.  Coronary Microvascular Disease is predominantly a women's heart disease - one that is often overlooked and under-diagnosed. Is it possible to have heart disease and yet appear to have healthy coronary arteries?  The surprising answer is a resounding "yes." 

Vision Correction show panelists Corrective Eye Surgery

Advertising has become standard practice in much of health care and vision correction appears to be taking the lead.  Americans spend nearly $2 billion on vision correction. Providers spend nearly $200 million in advertising. This episode of Second Opinion looks into the ethics of advertising in health care, the rise in corrective vision surgeries across the country and will provide you with information to help you become an informed medical consumer.

CPR in America CPR In America

CPR IN AMERICA sets out to do something no television show has ever done—teach as many people as possible the life-saving skill of Hands-Only CPR. 90% of people who suffer out-of-hospital cardiac arrests die. Receiving immediate CPR can double or triple a person's chance of survival. But 70% of Americans feel helpless because they don't know CPR or they're afraid of hurting the victim. CPR IN AMERICA aims to change that. You can help make a tangible difference in the cardiac arrest survival rate in your community! 

Image of show panelists Crohn's Disease

Since the age 12, Gabi Thomas has been fighting the physical and mental ramifications of having Crohn’s Disease.

Dementia show panelists Dementia

Nearly five million people in the United States are living with some degree of dementia. Over the next few decades, aging baby boomers are expected to push that number even higher. This episode of Second Opinion introduces a panel of researchers and healthcare providers, along with one extraordinary dementia patient, who explore the latest trends in diagnosing and treating one of the most frightening illnesses a family can face.

Depression show panelists Depression

Today, one in five Americans will experience a diagnosable mental health disorder. That adds up to 44 million adults and 4 million children. And yet, it remains under-recognized by primary care doctors. This episode of Second Opinion introduces a panel of medical experts and health care providers, along with the First Lady of New Jersey, Mary Jo Codey, who shares her personal battle with depression. Together they explore the latest trends in diagnosis and treatment of this debilitating disease. 

Image of show panelists Depression

Depression is a treatable brain disease. But while 25 million people in the U.S. suffer from depression, there is still a stigma surrounding the disease, and this prevents people from reaching out for help.

Depression Later In Life

Depression in the geriatric population presents different challenges than in younger populations.  Diagnosis and treatment can be difficult, but the management of depression in later life is critical to good physical health.

Image of Diabetes Value Based Care panelists Diabetes & Value-Based Care

Almost 30 million people in the U.S. have Type II Diabetes. It’s a disease that can be greatly improved by lifestyle changes including a healthy diet and exercise, along with medication compliance and monitoring. But not many people do as well as Mark Lee, who completely turned his life around after his diagnosis. His story is an inspiration to those who struggle every day with controlling their diabetes.

Diabetes (Type 2) show panelists Diabetes (Type 2)

Is sugar really the enemy? What is insulin resistance? And is diabetes really that bad? With Type 2 Diabetes reaching epidemic numbers in our country, why aren't we doing anything about it? Our panel sets out to answer these questions and more.

Diabetes Prevention

(Source: NIH / National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse) The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) was a major multicenter clinical research study aimed at discovering whether modest weight loss through dietary changes and increased physical activity or treatment with the oral diabetes drug metformin (Glucophage) could prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes in study participants. The DPP showed that people at risk for developing diabetes can prevent or delay the onset of diabetes by losing a modest amount of weight through diet and exercise.


(Source: NIH / MedlinePlus) Dizziness is a term that is often used to describe two different symptoms: lightheadedness and vertigo. Light-headedness is a feeling like you might faint. Vertigo is a feeling that you are spinning or moving, or that the the world is spinning around you. Most causes of dizziness are not serious and either quickly get better on their own or are easily treated.

Down Syndrome Second Opinion Panel Down Syndrome

Life expectancy for people with Down Syndrome has increased over the last 30 years – from 25 years old in 1983 to 60 years old today.  While Down Syndrome carries certain health issues and risks, people with Down Syndrome and their families are moving beyond the limitations of this disability. Patient and Special Olympic medalist Frankie Antonelli and his mother Debbie share what their family has done to help Frankie reach his full potential.

Image of show panelists Drug Overdose

Only two months since their son Patrick died of a heroin overdose, Mary and Joe Mullin courageously share their story with viewers.

Image of show panelists Eating Disorders

Jennifer Slack bravely shares details on her life, how she recognized her condition, and how she continuously works to battle her disease. 

Image of set Ebola

The Ebola virus causes an acute, serious illness which is often fatal if untreated. Ebola virus disease (EVD) first appeared in 1976 in 2 simultaneous outbreaks, one in Nzara, Sudan, and the other in Yambuku, Democratic Republic of Congo. The latter occurred in a village near the Ebola River, from which the disease takes its name.

End of Life show panelists End of Life

America is a culture afraid of death.  With that fear comes a lack of communication about how we want to die.  Is it better to die in a hospital with every means for survival being administered, or is an acceptance of the end of life and a quiet death at home better?  Is there such a thing as a good death?

Image of show panelists Endometriosis

More than 10 million women in the U.S. struggle with Endometriosis.  Our patient Ruta Biteman shares her journey of the pain she experienced throughout her life, and the challenges that she experienced in getting effective care, help, and hope. 

Epilepsy show panelists Epilepsy

Epilepsy, or recurrent seizures, is one of the most common conditions affecting the brain. About 2.5 million Americans have epilepsy, and 200,000 more people are diagnosed with the disorder every year. However, about 30% of patients referred to epilepsy centers are diagnosed as having non-epileptic attacks. This episode brings a nationally known panel of experts along with former Congressman Tony Coelho, author of the Americans with Disabilities Act, together to discuss the diagnosis, treatment and social stigmas of a diagnosis of epilepsy.

Erectile Dysfunction show panelists Erectile Dysfunction

Though often portrayed as merely a sexual issue, erectile dysfunction can also be a signal of other significant health problems, such as heart disease. Second Opinion provides a candid discussion of causes and treatments, and reveals the many issues faced not just by men with this condition, but also their partners. 

Fecal Incontinence

(Source: NDDIC / NIH) More than 5.5 million Americans experience loss of bowel control (fecal incontinence). It affects people of all ages, and can be devastating to a person’s self esteem and family life. Knowing what treatments are available can improve bowel control and makes incontinence easier to manage.

Female Sexual Dysfunction

(Source: Mayo Clinic) Persistent, recurrent problems with sexual response or desire — that distress you or strain your relationship with your partner — are known medically as female sexual dysfunction. Many women experience problems with sexual function at some point in their lives. Female sexual dysfunction can occur at all stages of life, and it may be ongoing or happen only once in a while. You may experience more than one type of female sexual dysfunction.

Fertility show panelists Fertility

While hearing the word "infertile" can have a devastating effect on women and men, there are many options and procedures available to people having trouble conceiving. But with high tech fertility methods developing faster every day, what are moral issues surrounding infertility in our country?


(Source: NIH / PubMed Health) Fibromyalgia is a common syndrome in which a person has long-term, body-wide pain and tenderness in the joints, muscles, tendons, and other soft tissues. Fibromyalgia has also been linked to fatigue, sleep problems, headaches, depression, and anxiety. The cause of fibromyalgia is unknown.


With thousands of people dying each year from the flu, it takes a pandemic to get us talking about it. The leading experts in the field will discuss the everyday flue, what we can do to keep ourselves healthy and flu-free, and if a more serious flue really poses as great a threat as the media portrays.

Second Opinion Food Allergies Panel Food Allergies

Food allergies are a growing food safety and public health concern that affect an estimated 4%–6% of children in the United States. Allergic reactions can be life threatening and have far-reaching effects on children and their families.

Image of Food as Medicine panelists Food as Medicine

Eating for health may be more than counting calories. Chelsea Knutsen shares her journey to health—a journey which meant leaving behind the food traditions of her childhood.

Foodborne Illness

(Source: NIDDK / NIH) Foodborne illnesses are infections or irritations of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract caused by food or beverages that contain harmful bacteria, parasites, viruses, or chemicals. The GI tract is a series of hollow organs joined in a long, twisting tube from the mouth to the anus. Common symptoms of foodborne illnesses include vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, and chills.

Foot Pain

(Source: Mayo Clinic)  Your foot is an intricate network of bones, ligaments, tendons and muscles. Strong enough to bear your body weight, your foot can be prone to injury and pain. Foot pain can affect any part of your foot, from your toes to your Achilles tendon at the back of your heel. Although mild foot pain often responds well to home treatments, it can take time to resolve. Severe foot pain should be evaluated by your doctor, especially if it follows an injury.

Forever Young

(Source: NIH / National Institute on Aging) People in the U.S. are living longer than ever before. Many seniors live active and healthy lives. But there's no getting around one thing: as we age, our bodies and minds change. There are things you can do to stay healthy and active as you age. It is important to understand what to expect. Some changes may just be part of normal aging, while others may be a warning sign of a medical problem. It is important to know the difference, and to let your healthcare provider know if you have any concerns.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Heartburn is nothing to take lightly. For many people, heartburn can interrupt daily life and be the precursor to serious illnesses. Our panel of experts on gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) will discuss the diagnosis and treatment of it, as well as the symptoms you should not ignore.

Geriatric Oncology

(Source: More than 60% of cancers in the United States occur in people age 65 and older.  Cancers of the prostate, breast, colon, pancreas, bladder, stomach, lung, and rectum are the most common cancers in this age group.


(Source: PubMed / NIH) Grief is a reaction to a major loss. It is most often an unhappy and painful emotion. Grief may be triggered by the death of a loved one. People also can experience grief if they have an illness for which there is no cure, or a chronic condition that affects their quality of life. The end of a significant relationship may also cause a grieving process.

H1N1 Special Edition

Novel H1N1 is a new influenza virus causing illness in people. First detected in the United States in April 2009, this virus spreads from person-to-person, probably in much the same way that regular seasonal influenza viruses spread. Though the majority of cases continue to be mild, some cases – usually in children, pregnant women, and people with underlying health conditions – have been more severe.

Image of show panelists Head and Neck Cancer

As an incredibly fit triathlete, Lou Iovoli was shocked to hear that he had a late-stage cancer that could possibly kill him.

Healthy Eating

(Source: Healthy eating is not about strict nutrition philosophies, staying unrealistically thin, or depriving yourself of the foods you love. Rather, it’s about feeling great, having more energy, stabilizing your mood, and keeping yourself as healthy as possible—all of which can be achieved by learning some nutrition basics and using them in a way that works for you. You can expand your range of healthy food choices and learn how to plan ahead to create and maintain a tasty, healthy diet.

Hearing Loss

Isolation and depression can often be a result of hearing loss, but there are good treatments, including hearing aids and surgery.  Learn about the actions you can take right now to protect yourself from hearing loss.

Heart Attack / Coronary Artery Disease show panelists Heart Attack / Coronary Artery Disease

A squeezing sensation in your chest, shooting pain in your left arm - classic signs of a heart attack, right? Well, not necessarily. Find out what we all need to know about heart attack and heart health on this episode of Second Opinion.

Heart Disease & Depression

While the physical consequences of heart disease are fairly well known, the mental ramifications are often overlooked.  With a tough case and a surprise ending, Second Opinion delves into the cause and effect of heart disease and mental health, and the potentially detrimental emotional aspects of medical illnesses.

Heart Failure show panelists Heart Failure

It is your body's engine, playing a critical part in your overall health and well-being. And like any engine, your heart can require an occasional tune-up. But what happens when it fails? Artificial hearts and organ transplants are the subjects of this episode of Second Opinion.

Heart Replacement

(Source: NIH / MedlinePlus) Heart failure is a condition in which the heart can't pump enough blood throughout the body. Heart failure does not mean that your heart has stopped or is about to stop working. It means that your heart is not able to pump blood the way it should.

Heart Rhythm Disorder

What if someone next to you suddenly collapsed? Would you know what to do? And, what if CPR weren't enough? Find out how you can be prepared to save a life on this episode of Second Opinion.

Hepatitis C panelists Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a worldwide health problem, and in the U.S. alone, an estimated 3.2 million people are living with chronic Hepatitis C infection. Our patient Kimberly Bossley watched her mother die of Hepatitis C, the very same disease she has, and is in the fight of her life against.

Second Opinion High Risk Pregnancy panelists High Risk Pregnancy

Complications of pregnancy are health problems that occur during pregnancy. They can involve the mother's health, the baby's health, or both.

Hip Fracture

(Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Hip fractures are serious fall injuries that often result in long-term functional impairment, nursing home admission and increased mortality.1,2 As our population ages, the number of hip fractures is likely to increase.

Image of show panelists HIV

In 1981 the U.S. identified its first patient in what would become the AIDS epidemic. Today, people with access to testing, early intervention, and effective treatments can expect to live long, healthy lives. 

HIV In Middle Age

(Source: HIV Wisdomm for Older Women) While sexually transmitted diseases were once thought of as a problem in the young population, diseases such as HIV are rising at alarming rates in the middle age and elderly.  Second Opinion addresses the social, medical, physical and cultural factors that are contributing to this trend.

Hormone Replacement Therapy

Since the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) was stopped early due to risk of heart attack and stroke, the use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) has been debated in research, in the media and among women across the country.  Second Opinion explores the risks and benefits of hormone replacement therapy.

Hospital Acquired Infections episode panelists Hospital Acquired Infection

Hospital acquired infections, also known as nosocomial infections, are a growing problem in the U.S., however there are steps that healthcare systems can do to protect patients, and actions that you can take to protect yourself.

Image of show panelists Hospital Delirium

Hospital Delirium is a grossly misunderstood issue in ICUs in our country, but panelist Donna Smith and the medical experts delve into the topic in a way that will help countless people who are unaware of the issue.

HPV Vaccine/Cervical Cancer

(Source: National Cancer Institute / NIH) Cervical cancer is caused by several types of a virus called human papillomaviruses (HPV). The virus spreads through sexual contact. Most women's bodies are able to fight HPV infection. But sometimes the virus leads to cancer. You are at higher risk if you smoke, have many children, use birth control pills for a long time, or have HIV infection.

Hypertension show panelists Hypertension

It is called the silent killer, presenting few symptoms until there is serious physical damage. One out of three Americans suffer from hypertension and many of us don't even realize it. What qualifies as "high blood pressure," and what do the numbers mean? Panelists discuss the latest in diagnosis and treatment in this episode of Second Opinion.

Image of show panelists Hypothyroidism

It is estimated that 20 million people in the U.S. have thyroid disease and 12% of Americans will develop a thyroid condition in their lifetime. Thyroid disease can be life altering and debilitating, especially when left untreated.

Image of show panelists Immunotherapy in Cancer Treatment

Medical experts discuss the groundbreaking immunotherapy research and treatments being discovered each day in the area of cancers—treatments that will change the way we look at cancer.

Incontinence show panleists Incontinence

More than 20 million women suffer in silence with a secret that causes embarrassment, humiliation and life-altering decisions. Join LPGA champion golfer Terry-Jo Myers in this lively episode of Second Opinion, when our panelists reveal why even doctors avoid the subject of incontinence and how the latest treatments offer new hope.


Research indicates that inflammation underscores a significant percentage of heart disease, and some professionals believe that it may be the source of many complications of aging. Our panelists explore the relationship between inflammation and disease, and what new treatments lay ahead.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

(Source: NDDIC / NIH) Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorder, meaning it is a problem caused by changes in how the GI tract works. People with a functional GI disorder have frequent symptoms, but the GI tract does not become damaged. IBS is not a disease; it is a group of symptoms that occur together. The most common symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome are abdominal pain or discomfort, often reported as cramping, along with diarrhea, constipation, or both. In the past, irritable bowel syndrome was called colitis, mucous colitis, spastic colon, nervous colon, and spastic bowel. The name was changed to reflect the understanding that the disorder has both physical and mental causes and is not a product of a person’s imagination.

Joint Replacement show panelists Joint Replacement

Many Americans are living longer and more active lives.  In doing so, they face the possibility that, over time, their major joints – hip, knee, shoulder – will wear out, become painful or cease to function properly. This episode of Second Opinion brings together a panel of orthopaedic experts and health care providers. Together they explore the causes and symptoms of deterioration of major joints, as well as a wide range of treatments including joint replacement.

Kidney Disease: Caring for a Chronic Illness

While chronic kidney disease continues to rise in the U.S., Second Opinion explores the many issues faced when caring for a loved one with a chronic disease.

Kidney Stone episode panelists Kidney Stones

Some say passing a kidney stone is more painful than childbirth.  People have been suffering from kidney stones since the beginning of time, and the incidents continue to rise.  What are kidney stones, how are they treated, and more importantly, can they be prevented?

Image of show panelists Kidney Transplant

With the increase of chronic diseases such as Type II Diabetes, the need for kidney transplants is on the rise. Both deceased and live donors are needed, and our experts shed light on the organ transplant process. Karen Scott Gledhill was shocked in her early 20’s to find out she had a rare genetic kidney disorder. Fortunately, her life was saved by a deceased donor, and then again many years later by the life-giving gift of her brother Tom Scott, who joins her to share their story.

Image of show panelists Knee Replacement

Knee pain is a common problem and can escalate into extreme consequences that compromise lifestyle. Steve Jasinski has been dealing with severe knee pain issues that have had a negative impact on him for many years. He shares his personal story and learns about new options that could restore his quality of life.

Late Effects of Cancer Treatment

(Source: Mayo Clinic) Your cancer treatment is over, but the treatments that may have saved your life may also continue to cause side effects. As more people are living longer after cancer treatment, more is becoming known about late side effects of cancer treatment. Find out all you can about late effects of cancer treatment and use this information to help manage your health.

Second Opinion Season 13 Set Lead Poisoning

Even small amounts of lead can cause serious health problems—particularly in young children. Our patient Yvette Reynolds shares her personal story about her daughter's dangerously high lead levels and how it could have been prevented.


(Source: NIH / National Cancer Institute) Leukemia is cancer of the white blood cells. White blood cells help your body fight infection. Your blood cells form in your bone marrow. In leukemia, however, the bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells. These cells crowd out the healthy blood cells, making it hard for blood to do its work.

Life After Breast Cancer episode panelists Life After Breast Cancer

The diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer is a traumatic time for the patient and their loved ones. Yet life after the cancer treatment is often just as challenging.  Experts, patients and laypeople discuss life after breast cancer - what it means to a woman personally, medically, socially and sexually.

Living With Alzheimer's

(Source: Alzheimer's Association) Alzheimer's is a type of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior. Symptoms usually develop slowly and get worse over time, becoming severe enough to interfere with daily tasks.

Dr. Sam Sears, Dr. Art Moss and Dr. Lisa Harris panel picture Long QT Syndrome

(Source: NIH / National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute) Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a disorder of the heart's electrical activity. It can cause sudden, uncontrollable, dangerous arrhythmias (ah-RITH-me-ahs) in response to exercise or stress. Arrhythmias are problems with the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat. People who have LQTS also can have arrhythmias for no known reason. However, not everyone who has LQTS has dangerous heart rhythms. When they do occur, though, they can be fatal.


As our average life expectancy increases, we ask is living longer better?  Our panel discusses genetics, modifiable factors and medical technology that may dictate how long we live.

Lung Cancer

With so much money going into cancer research and the success rate of cancer treatment increasing every year, why is a diagnosis of lung cancer still a death sentence? Experts who diagnose and treat the disease talk openly about the challenges of finding good diagnostics and a cure.

Image of Lupus panelists Lupus

Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease that is known as the “great imitator” because many of its symptoms can mask themselves as other disorders.  Our patient Shanelle Gabriel thought her symptoms were a result of her busy college schedule—until a moment of vanity took her to see her doctor.  

Lyme Disease

(Source: NIH / Medline Plus) Lyme disease is a bacterial infection you get from the bite of an infected tick. The first symptom is usually a rash, which may look like a bull's eye (although some people never get the tell-tale bullseye rash).

Macular Degeneration episode panelists Macular Degeneration

Many Americans think loss of vision is a normal part of aging. Think again. The number one cause of vision loss is actually a disease called macular degeneration. This episode describes the disease and how you may be able to prevent it from compromising your vision.


(Source:  National Cancer Institute / NIH)  A mammogram is a special type of X-ray of the breasts. Mammograms can show tumors long before they are big enough for you or your health care provider to feel. They are recommended for women who have symptoms of breast cancer or who have a high risk of the disease. You and your health care provider should discuss when to start having mammograms and how often to get one.

Image of show panelists Managing Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease in which the body has a shortage of insulin, a decreased ability to use insulin, or both.

Measles/Vaccine Panel Measles/Vaccines

With some parents deciding not to vaccinate their children, measles cases in the United States have reached a 20-year high. Our patient Emmi Herman relates the devastating impact this highly contagious childhood illness had on her own family.<--break- />

Image of Second Opinion Set Medical Marijuana

As more states make the use of medical marijuana legal, doctors and lay people alike question its use, its efficacy and the amount of research being done to help prove it is safe to treat certain conditions. Meet Beverly McClain who uses medical marijuana to help with her symptoms caused by the treatment she is receiving for Stage IV breast cancer.

Medical Radiation

(Source: The American Registry of Radiologic Technologists)  Medical Radiation--X rays are a form of radiant energy like light or radio waves. Just like light and radio waves, they can pass easily through some things and are absorbed by others. In the human body, some tissues are better at absorbing the radiation than others. The images made by x-ray beams come from these differences. Bone stops x rays efficiently, making them look white in an image; air, like in the lungs, does not absorb radiation much at all, and looks black in the image. Sometimes the images are still, like pictures from a camera, and sometimes they show movement, like a video camera.

Andrea Heitker Melanoma

Melanoma is the most dangerous form of skin cancer, these cancerous growths develop when unrepaired DNA damage to skin cells triggers genetic defects that lead the skin cells to multiply rapidly and form malignant tumors. 

Memory Enhancement

Crossword puzzles, vitamins, and classical music have all been promoted as tools for improving memory. Panelists discuss the recent theories and research surrounding memory enhancement and help viewers separate fact from fiction.

Menopause show panelists Menopause

It's something all women will face. Is menopause a natural part of aging or a medical condition? Is estrogen out and black cohosh in? What's a woman to do? And whom should she believe? From the conventional to the new age, treatments for the symptoms of menopause come front and center on this episode of Second Opinion.

Image of show panelists Menopause

The average life span of a woman in the United States is 84 years. That means that many women will spend a full half of their lives as post-menopausal. 

Metabolic Syndrome show panelists Metabolic Syndrome

Need a good reason to get out of your easy chair and into a healthier lifestyle?  Then consider the possibility that a lack of physical activity, together with other common health problems, can make you a prime candidate for a potentially life-threatening health condition called metabolic syndrome. In this edition of Second Opinion, you'll learn what metabolic syndrome is, find out about its causes and consequences, and get a handle on steps you can take to protect yourself from life-threatening medical problems.


Often debilitating and misunderstood, migraine headaches and the options available to treat them are sources of much debate. Anger, frustration and desperation can plague both patients and physicians. Our panel navigates a case of migraine and the often confusing information that surrounds pain management and prevention.

Image of show panelists Millennial Health

In 2019, millennials are the largest living adult generation, and by 2020, nearly half of the U.S. workforce will be millennials, making millennial health and how they consume healthcare an important issue in the healthcare landscape in our country.

Mind / Body Medicine

Can positive thinking, prayer or yoga help heal your body as well as your mind? It depends who you ask.  Research into the connection between the mind and the body is both fascinating and controversial.

Multiple Sclerosis

(Source: National Multiple Sclerosis Society) Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, unpredictable disease of the central nervous system (the brain, optic nerves, and spinal cord). It is thought to be an autoimmune disorder. This means the immune system incorrectly attacks the person's healthy tissue.

Mystery Diagnosis

(Source: Life NPH) Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus is a neurological condition which normally occurs in adults 55-years and older. NPH is an accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) causing the ventricles of the brain to enlarge, in turn, stretching the nerve tissue of the brain causing a triad of symptoms.

Mystery Diagnosis II

(Source: Mayo Clinic)  Vitamin D toxicity, also called hypervitaminosis D, is a rare but potentially serious condition that occurs when you have excessive amounts of vitamin D in your body. Vitamin D toxicity is usually caused by megadoses of vitamin D supplements — not by diet or sun exposure. That's because your body regulates the amount of vitamin D produced by sun exposure, and even fortified foods don't contain large amounts of vitamin D.

Image of show panelists Mystery Diagnosis III

Every day, doctors are faced with patients with symptoms that prove difficult to diagnose. When healthy and active Larry Luitjens shows up in his doctor’s office with some peculiar and frightening symptoms, his doctor is put to the test to find the cause and get him the treatment he desperately needs.

Image of Mystery Diagnosis IV Panel Mystery Diagnosis IV

In any given year, nearly 21 million American adults are diagnosed with a mood disorder.  Our patient Brittany DiCapua shares her story of mental and physical symptoms that appeared suddenly and inexplicably in a very special “mystery diagnosis.”

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

While other cancers continue to decline, lymphoma is on the rise. The good news is that with early diagnosis, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma is often a very treatable disease with a good prognosis.

Nutritional Supplements show panelists Nutritional Supplements

What if you could prevent cancer and heart disease by simply buying a few items off the grocery shelf? Sound crazy? Well, apparently many Americans don't think so. More than 40% of us take vitamins and other supplements, driving a $30 billion a year business that shows no sign of slowing down. But how safe is it to play your own doctor? Practitioners of both conventional and integrative medicine debate the pros and cons of nutritional supplements on this episode of Second Opinion.

Obesity show panelists Obesity

Magazine covers and newspaper headlines call it a national crisis. Confronted with the health and social costs of obesity, Americans will spend more than $30 billion dollars in their annual battle of the bulge, and most will lose the fight. Are we destined to be fat? And what's so wrong with a few extra pounds, anyway? We tackle these questions and more on this episode of Second Opinion.

Image of show panelists Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

OCD is an often misunderstood disorder, patient Kyra Mills and the medical experts openly discuss diagnosis and treatment options, while helping to destigmatize the disorder.

Image of show panelists Opioids to Heroin Addiction

Experts say the heroin epidemic, which is a growing problem nationwide, is largely spurred by people who first become addicted to prescribed opiate pain medications. As the pills become more expensive and harder to obtain, people move on to the cheaper and more potent high that heroin can provide. Cynthia Scudo, grandmother of twenty, shares the story of hip pain that ended with a nine-year addiction to heroin.


Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or just normal aging? Knowing the difference can affect patient care and quality of living. Join experts discussing the real science behind the common degenerative disease, arthritis. Find out what you can do to help prevent it, and learn about promising treatments on the horizon.

Osteoporosis show panelists Osteoporosis

It's a public health risk for 44 million Americans. It's a disease you may have and not even know it. But osteoporosis can be prevented and treated. Find out more about what can be done to help ensure healthy bones for you and your family on this episode of Second Opinion.

Ovarian Cancer

One of the deadliest forms of cancer, ovarian cancer is also one of the few cancers for which genetic testing can determine a person's susceptibility.  This episode explores the challenges faced by a woman balancing the opportunity to know her genetic profile with only limited diagnostic testing and sometimes radical treatment options available.

Patrick Mullin Overdose: Inside the Epidemic

A panel of experts discuss the drug epidemic in the U.S., and offer solid, timely information about prevention and treatment. 

Image of show panelists Pain Management Beyond Opioids

Opioid overdose caused more than 42,000 deaths in the U.S. in 2016, and the crisis continues. Every day, more than 115 people in the United States die after overdosing on opioids. Two million Americans are dependent on pain pills and street drugs to deal with their pain. 

Pancreatic Cancer Panelists Pancreatic Cancer

A diagnosis of pancreatic cancer is devastating for the patient and his/her family. Often the cancer is caught when it is at an advanced stage, and survival rates are lower than many cancers. Peter Suess is more than 5 years out from his pancreatic cancer diagnosis, and his story of his ongoing treatment and survival is one of hope and inspiration.

Pelvic Organ Prolapse

(Source: Voices for PFD) Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a medical condition that occurs when the normal support of the vagina is lost, resulting in “sagging” or dropping of the bladder, urethra, cervix and rectum. As the prolapse of the vagina and uterus progresses, women can feel bulging tissue protruding through the opening of the vagina.

Pituitary Gland Tumor

(Source: NIH / MedlinePlus)  The pituitary gland is a pea-sized endocrine gland located at the base of the brain. The pituitary helps control the release of hormones from other endocrine glands, such as the thyroid and adrenal glands. The pituitary also releases hormones that directly affect body tissues, such as bones and the breast's milk glands.  A pituitary gland tumor is an abnormal growth in the pituitary gland, the part of the brain that regulates the body's balance of hormones.

Pneumonia 809
Image of show panelists Precision Medicine in Breast Cancer Treatment

Precision medicine helps determine the most effective treatment for individual types of cancer and helps avoid the risks and side effects of unnecessary treatment.

Preventive Screening Panelists Preventive Screening

More than half a million people die of cancer each year in the U.S., so it’s no wonder we want to do what we can to catch and treat cancer early. For some cancers, we have preventive cancer screenings that are readily available. But who should be screened? Rose Arp has no cancer history, but wants to know from the experts what screenings she should be getting as she turns 50 years old.

Prostate Cancer show panelists Prostate Cancer

In America, prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer in men, and the second most common cause of cancer deaths in men. But if it's found early enough, it's quite curable. In this episode of Second Opinion, you'll learn about how prostate cancer is tested for, diagnosed and treated.


(Source: National Psoriasis Foundation) Psoriasis is a chronic, autoimmune disease that appears on the skin. It occurs when the immune system sends out faulty signals that speed up the growth cycle of skin cells. Psoriasis is not contagious. There are five types of psoriasis. The most common form, plaque psoriasis, appears as raised, red patches covered with a silvery white buildup of dead skin cells. Psoriasis can occur on any part of the body and is associated with other serious health conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease and depression.  Psoriasis is the most common autoimmune disease in the U.S. As many as 7.5 million Americans have psoriasis.

Second Opinion Psychosis Panel Psychosis

Schizoaffective disorder is a form of psychosis and is a mental illness in which a person experiences a combination of schizophrenia symptoms.  People affected often have hallucinations or delusions, as well as mood disorder symptoms such as mania or depression.  Our patient, Lynne Fisher, had her life turned upside down by the onset of this illness, and battled through five years of symptoms to find a treatment plan that enables her to have a constructive and happy life.

Image of show panelists PTSD

Post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, is a debilitating mental disorder that can occur after a terrifying event. It was first brought to attention by returning war veterans, many of whom had been wounded in battle. Zachary Bell, former U.S. Marine, shares his story of horror in Afghanistan and his battle to regain his mental health after serving our country.

Racial Disparities in Cardiac Care

(Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ))  African-American adults are less likely to be diagnosed with coronary heart disease, but they are more likely to die from heart disease. Knowing what steps can be taken by patients, providers and the community to improve the quality of cardiac care for all American is critical to an effective and efficient health care system.

Dr. Peter Salgo with guest, Dick Dubois and Dr. Jason Pacos Reversing Heart Disease

Coronary artery disease occurs when a substance called plaque builds up in the arteries that supply blood to the heart. You can help prevent heart disease by making healthy choices and managing any medical conditions you may have. 

Image of show panelists Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is caused when the immune system is not working properly. RA affects organs as well as joints, and can be debilitating if not treated properly. Fortunately, there are good treatments that can halt the destruction to the body.

Rosacea Second Opinion Panel Rosacea

Rosacea is a common skin condition that causes redness in the face and often develops into small red, pus-filled bumps.  For many, rosacea is an embarrassing condition that causes psychological symptoms, as well as physical ones.  Although there is no cure for rosacea, there are some treatments which can control the symptoms, and knowing the triggers is key to preventing episodes.  Meet Barb Ficarra, who has been dealing with rosacea for many years while living an active life with a demanding professional career.


(Source: CDC) Shingles is caused by the varicella zoster virus, the same virus that causes chickenpox. After a person recovers from chickenpox, the virus stays in the body in a dormant (inactive) state. For reasons that are not fully known, the virus can reactivate years later, causing shingles.  Almost 1 out of every 3 people in the United States will develop shingles, also known as zoster or herpes zoster. There are an estimated 1 million cases each year in this country. Anyone who has recovered from chickenpox may develop shingles; even children can get shingles. However the risk of disease increases as a person gets older. About half of all cases occur among men and women 60 years old or older.

Skin Cancer show panelists Skin Cancer

Can that warm and fuzzy feeling of the sun bathing your body really come back to haunt you in the form of skin cancer?  Absolutely.  And for thousands of Americans every year, the cumulative effects of sun exposure result in an untimely death. In this Second Opinion episode, medical experts and skin cancer victims come together to explore the signs, symptoms, and outcomes of this disease and clue you in on simple measures that you and your family can take to significantly reduce your risk.

Image of show panelists Sleep Apnea

Symptoms that arise from sleep disorders may not immediately be recognized as being caused by sleep problems. Meet Carol Hage Wall who initially didn’t believe her struggles were related to sleep, but found relief and recovery from successful treatment.

Sleep Disorder

Sleep is often described as the most influential factor of our health and longevity, and sleep disorders can cause detrimental sleep disruptions. Our panel looks into the importance of shut eye and how to get enough of it.

Image of show panelists Smoking Cessation

While cigarette smoking rates continue to drop, in 2017, 14% of adults in America still smoked. Known as one of the hardest addictions to break, people are grasping at ways to kick the habit.

Second Opinion Spinal Cord Injury Panel Spinal Cord Injury

(Source: NIH / National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) Your spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that runs down the middle of your back. It carries signals back and forth between your body and your brain. A spinal cord injury disrupts the signals. Spinal cord injuries usually begin with a blow that fractures or dislocates your vertebrae, the bone disks that make up your spine. Most injuries don't cut through your spinal cord. Instead, they cause damage when pieces of vertebrae tear into cord tissue or press down on the nerve parts that carry signals.

Stroke show panleists Stroke

A stroke is the interruption of the flow of blood to any part of the brain, which causes damage to brain tissue. Today, some call it a "brain attack" to illustrate its seriousness and its relationship to heart attack (the interruption of blood flow to the heart). In this episode of Second Opinion, you'll learn about the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of stroke.

Stroke Intervention

(Source: NIH / National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is suddenly interrupted or when a blood vessel in the brain bursts, spilling blood into the spaces surrounding brain cells. Brain cells die when they no longer receive oxygen and nutrients from the blood or there is sudden bleeding into or around the brain. The symptoms of a stroke include sudden numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body; sudden confusion or trouble speaking or understanding speech; sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes; sudden trouble with walking, dizziness, or loss of balance or coordination; or sudden severe headache with no known cause. There are two forms of stroke: ischemic - blockage of a blood vessel supplying the brain, and hemorrhagic - bleeding into or around the brain.

Image of show panelists Sudden Cardiac Arrest

Sudden cardiac arrest can happen when there is an electrical problem in the heart. If quick action isn’t taken, a person can die in minutes. Fortunately when things suddenly went very wrong for Bob Schmit, his girlfriend was there to save his life. 

Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Young Athletes Panel Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Young Athletes

Sudden cardiac arrest is usually caused by an electrical disturbance in the heart, and leads to a sudden loss of heart function, breathing and consciousness. Nine out of 10 people who experience sudden cardiac arrest, die from it. Fortunately, star basketball player Mike Papale survived because of the quick reaction of an EMT, who immediately initiated CPR and the chain of survival. Mike and his Mom, Joan, share their story of survival and living through the aftermath of sudden cardiac arrest in young athletes.


Sugar is a confusing substance. Recently, it has been identified by the medical community as a factor in excessive body weight in both children and adults, and obesity-fighting campaigns now advocate for no sugar and no added sugar in adult and children’s diets.


While youth suicides earn more news headlines, suicide rates in the United States actually increase with age. This powerful episode explores the devastating reality of suicide, and what you should know about helping yourself or a loved one.

Second Opinion Teen Depression Panel Teen Depression

Teen depression is a serious medical problem that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest in activities. It affects how your teen thinks, feels and behaves, and it can cause emotional, functional and physical problems.

Image of show panelists Teen Suicide

Suicide is the second leading cause of death for 10-24 year olds. The tragedy of a young person dying by suicide is devastating to their family, their friends and their community. 

The Aging Face

(Sources: URMC and NIH / MedlinePlus)  It’s a difficult choice facing middle-aged woman; do you go for the lean, mean body or a plumper, younger looking face? Why can’t we have it all? What happens to our faces as we age? What causes us to look older or younger? What role does fat…or bone…play in the aging face? What’s behind the wrinkles? And most importantly, what can--or should--we do to preserve a youthful appearance?

The Future of Cancer Treatment

(Source: Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States. About one-half of all men and one-third of all women in the US will develop cancer during their lifetimes. Today, millions of people are living with cancer or have had cancer. Cancer begins when cells in a part of the body start to grow out of control. There are many kinds of cancer, and different types of cancer respond to different types of treatment. The growth in our knowledge of cancer biology has led to remarkable progress in cancer prevention, early detection, and treatment. Scientists have learned more about cancer in the last two decades than has been learned in all the centuries preceding.

Thyroid Disease

When the thyroid gland loses its ability to make thyroid hormone, a person's whole life can be turned upside down.  Affecting the physical and mental well-being of a person, the proper treatment of hypothyroidism can make a remarkable difference to overall health.

Image of show panelists Tourette Syndrome

Tourette syndrome is a neurological disorder that presents in early childhood or adolescence with the first symptoms often being involuntary movements, or tics.  Peter Morrison was diagnosed when he was 10 years old, and he shares his story of overcoming the personal and social challenges caused by the syndrome. He’s joined by his mother Susan, who provides her perspective as a parent.  

Image of show panelists Transgender Health

While other media outlets sensationalize and politicize issues surrounding transgender youth, Second Opinion looks at the issue from a truly medical perspective. 


Many Americans assume tuberculosis is a disease of the past, but the reality is one-third of the world's population is infected with TB - an estimated 10 to 15 million people in the United States alone. Second Opinion explores this historic disease and what you need to know to protect yourself.

Image of show panelists Type 1 Diabetes

Experts discuss how groundbreaking research is making the lives of children with Type I Diabetes, and their parents, better than ever before.


While there is no question that vaccines work and have changed our world by eradicating deadly diseases, some people have concerns about the risks of immunizations.  The vaccine controversy remains-where do the rights of the public and the rights of the individual collide?

Vitamin D

(Source: NIH / MedlinePlus) Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin. Fat-soluble vitamins are stored in the body's fatty tissue. Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium. Calcium and phosphate are two minerals that are essential for normal bone formation. Throughout childhood, your body uses these minerals to produce bones. If you do not get enough calcium, or if your body does not absorb enough calcium from your diet, bone production and bone tissues may suffer. Vitamin D deficiency can lead to osteoporosis in adults or rickets in children.

Second Opinion Whooping Cough Panel Whooping Cough

Pertussis (whooping cough) can cause serious illness in infants, children and adults. The disease usually starts with cold-like symptoms and maybe a mild cough or fever.

Why Men Die Younger

Biological, social and behavioral issues are just a few factors that play a role in why women live longer.  Experts take an in-depth look into why men die at a younger age than women.

Women's Cardiac Health show panelists Women's Cardiac Health

Women are at risk for heart disease and heart attacks, just like men. While they develop heart problems later in life than men, by about age 65, a woman's risk higher than for a man. This episode of Second Opinion explores ways to prevent, assess risk and diagnose heart disease in women.


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